By Mike Chappell
Over the centuries in their life the Scottish regiments of the British military have won a name in warfare that's the envy of all and that are matched, or passed, by means of only a few. The very description 'Scottish soldier' evokes pictures starting from the 'thin purple streak tipped with a line of metal' of the 93rd Highlanders at Balaclava, and the cost of the Scots greys at Waterloo (1815), to the more moderen deeds of Scottish regiments within the Falkland Islands (1982) and the Persian Gulf (1990-1991). Mike Chappell chronicles the awesome heritage of the Scottish devices which fought within the global wars.
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Extra resources for Scottish Divisions in the World Wars (Elite)
Whether he had ability as a tactician was another matter. ‘The successful generals of the First World War, those who did not crack outright or decline gradually into pessimism, were a hard lot,’ John Keegan has written, ‘as they had to be with the casualty figures accumulating on their desks. indb 23 12/2/07 14:29:17 4. Looking up into the principal vaults at Thiepval, where the coffering is adapted from the ancient Buddhist stupa at Sanchi in India, a motif which Lutyens had already used on Viceroy’s House in New Delhi.
Eventually, the government acceded to what Lutyens called ‘the human sentiment of millions’ and allowed the Cenotaph to be replicated permanently in stone the following year. The Cenotaph speaks through pure form and deep cultural resonances. This slim pylon, which makes no attempt to compete with the height of the surrounding government buildings, somehow managed to express the inarticulate grief of a wounded, damaged society. As, later, at Thiepval, Lutyens knew better than to resort to tendentious symbolism, whether religious, or national or military.
Now the recumbent effigy was replaced by a symbolic coffin or sarcophagus on top of a tall pylon to be erected in the middle of Whitehall. indb 40 12/2/07 14:29:19 6. ‘The people’s shrine’: the permanent Cenotaph in Whitehall after its unveiling on Armistice Day in 1920, piled high with wreaths and flowers left by those who mourned the dead. indb 41 12/2/07 14:29:19 wood and plaster in a matter of days. And then, the generals and politicians and soldiers having marched past, something unexpected happened: the temporary structure became sacred, ‘the people’s shrine’.