Paris 1919: Six Months That Changed the World by Margaret MacMillan

By Margaret MacMillan

National Bestseller

New York Times Editors’ selection

Winner of the PEN Hessell Tiltman Prize

Winner of the Duff Cooper Prize

Silver Medalist for the Arthur Ross booklet Award
of the Council on international Relations

Finalist for the Robert F. Kennedy ebook Award

For six months in 1919, after the top of “the warfare to finish all wars,” the large Three—President Woodrow Wilson, British major minister David Lloyd George, and French most well known Georges Clemenceau—met in Paris to form an enduring peace. during this landmark paintings of narrative historical past, Margaret MacMillan provides a dramatic and intimate view of these fateful days, which observed new political entities—Iraq, Yugoslavia, and Palestine, between them—born out of the ruins of bankrupt empires, and the borders of the trendy international redrawn.

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Paris 1919: Six Months That Changed the World

Nationwide BestsellerNew York occasions Editors’ selection Winner of the PEN Hessell Tiltman Prize Winner of the Duff Cooper PrizeSilver Medalist for the Arthur Ross booklet Award of the Council on international RelationsFinalist for the Robert F. Kennedy e-book AwardFor six months in 1919, after the top of “the conflict to finish all wars,” the massive Three—President Woodrow Wilson, British best minister David Lloyd George, and French superior Georges Clemenceau—met in Paris to form a long-lasting peace.

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The Europeans found this irritating. Furthermore, they had never been prepared to accept the Fourteen Points without modification. The French wanted to make sure that they received compensation for the enormous damage done to their country by the German invasion. The British could not agree to the point about freedom of the seas, for that would prevent them from using the naval blockade as a weapon against their enemies. In a final series of discussions in Paris, House agreed to the Allied reservations, and so the Fourteen Points were modified to allow for what later came to be called reparations from Germany and for discussions on freedom of the seas at the Peace Conference itself.

The real reason was that he did not like or trust Republicans. 13 Wilson remains puzzling in a way that Lloyd George and Clemenceau, his close colleagues in Paris, do not. What is one to make of a leader who drew on the most noble language of the Bible yet was so ruthless with those who crossed him? Who loved democracy but despised most of his fellow politicians? Who wanted to serve humanity but had so few personal relationships? Was he, as Teddy Roosevelt thought, “as insincere and coldblooded an opportunist as we have ever had in the Presidency”?

Wilson’s career was a series of triumphs, but there were darker moments, both personal and political, fits of depression and sudden and baffling illnesses. Moreover, he had left behind him a trail of enemies, many of them former friends. “An ingrate and a liar,” said a Democratic boss in New Jersey in a toast. Wilson never forgave those who disagreed with him. 10 He was also stubborn. As House said, with admiration: “Whenever a question is presented he keeps an absolutely open mind and welcomes all suggestion or advice which will lead to a correct decision.

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