By Charles London
The single significant fleet engagement of global struggle I (1914-1918), the conflict of Jutland (1916) has been surrounded by way of controversy ever considering. The British public felt Admiral Jellicoe had failed – a response rooted in 100 years of the 'Nelson cult', a conviction that something wanting a Trafalgar-style annihilation was once letting the aspect down. precise, the German Fleet had sunk extra ships and suffered fewer casualties, however the British had compelled them to disengage and run for port and have been nonetheless cruising off Denmark spoiling for a struggle. This name recounts intimately how on an early summer's night in 1916, the 2 fleets clashed face to face: the occasions that may spark a polemic that also rages this day.
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Extra resources for Jutland 1916: Clash of the Dreadnoughts (Trade Editions)
Whether he had ability as a tactician was another matter. ‘The successful generals of the First World War, those who did not crack outright or decline gradually into pessimism, were a hard lot,’ John Keegan has written, ‘as they had to be with the casualty figures accumulating on their desks. indb 23 12/2/07 14:29:17 4. Looking up into the principal vaults at Thiepval, where the coffering is adapted from the ancient Buddhist stupa at Sanchi in India, a motif which Lutyens had already used on Viceroy’s House in New Delhi.
Eventually, the government acceded to what Lutyens called ‘the human sentiment of millions’ and allowed the Cenotaph to be replicated permanently in stone the following year. The Cenotaph speaks through pure form and deep cultural resonances. This slim pylon, which makes no attempt to compete with the height of the surrounding government buildings, somehow managed to express the inarticulate grief of a wounded, damaged society. As, later, at Thiepval, Lutyens knew better than to resort to tendentious symbolism, whether religious, or national or military.
Now the recumbent effigy was replaced by a symbolic coffin or sarcophagus on top of a tall pylon to be erected in the middle of Whitehall. indb 40 12/2/07 14:29:19 6. ‘The people’s shrine’: the permanent Cenotaph in Whitehall after its unveiling on Armistice Day in 1920, piled high with wreaths and flowers left by those who mourned the dead. indb 41 12/2/07 14:29:19 wood and plaster in a matter of days. And then, the generals and politicians and soldiers having marched past, something unexpected happened: the temporary structure became sacred, ‘the people’s shrine’.