Joyous Greetings: The First International Women's Movement, by Bonnie S. Anderson

By Bonnie S. Anderson

Over a hundred and fifty years in the past, champions of women's rights within the usa, Britain, France, and Germany shaped the world's earliest foreign feminist circulation. Joyous Greetings is the 1st ebook to inform their story.
From Seneca Falls in upstate big apple to the barricades of innovative Paris, from the Crystal Palace in London to small cities within the German Rhineland, early feminists united to struggle for the reason for girls. on the top of the Victorian interval, they insisted their intercourse deserved complete political equality, referred to as for a brand new type of marriage in keeping with companionship, claimed the best to divorce and to get custody in their kids, and argued that an unjust economic climate pressured girls into poorly paid jobs. They rejected the normal view that women's subordination was once preordained, usual, and common. In restoring those bold activists' achievements to historical past, Joyous Greetings passes on their inspiring and empowering message to ultra-modern new new release of feminists.

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For women who had to earn income, the ending of home production was disastrous. Industrialization and the increased demand for piecework done at home degraded their skilled trades. Within two generations, for instance, the manufacture of clothing changed from a traditional household enterprise by which a women could earn a decent living, into piecework, by which hard labor brought starvation wages. Faced with such conditions in their own trades, men moved into industry. But when women worked in the new factories, they did so in the least prestigious jobs and were paid half the wages of men.

Women’s movements, as well as all leftwing activity, had been extinguished on the continent. “Whole nations are manacled and gagged; not allowed even to utter the cry of anguish,” wrote an English socialist paper. “Behold . . ”81 In the United States, the revolutionary momentum of the women’s movement ebbed, overwhelmed by the crises impelling the nation to Civil War. When Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon visited the United States on her honeymoon in 1858, she found that instead of any tendency to ameliorate the condition of the slave I see nothing but increasing barbarity in the laws and firmer barriers raised against the certain encroachment of the universal spirit of freedom.

79 But what could they do? 80 After 1856, radical feminism began to lose ground in the United States as well as Europe. Women’s movements, as well as all leftwing activity, had been extinguished on the continent. “Whole nations are manacled and gagged; not allowed even to utter the cry of anguish,” wrote an English socialist paper. “Behold . . ”81 In the United States, the revolutionary momentum of the women’s movement ebbed, overwhelmed by the crises impelling the nation to Civil War. When Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon visited the United States on her honeymoon in 1858, she found that instead of any tendency to ameliorate the condition of the slave I see nothing but increasing barbarity in the laws and firmer barriers raised against the certain encroachment of the universal spirit of freedom.

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