Interim Report of the Committee on Changes in New Source by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Committee on Changes in New Source Review Programs for Stationary Sources of Air Pollutants

The U.S. Environmental security Agency’s New resource evaluation (NSR) courses are designed to aid make sure that the development or amendment of factories, electric-generating amenities and different huge desk bound assets of pollution will meet emissions standards. EPA revised the courses with the intention to offer flexibility and make allowance for more suitable power potency in American with no destructive the surroundings. in spite of the fact that, critics argue the revisions may perhaps sluggish development in cleansing the nation’s air, possibly destructive human well-being. This meantime record offers a synthesis of suitable heritage details and describes the process the committee will use to evaluate the capability influence of the NSR revisions. Conclusions could be issued in a last document later this year.

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Significance levels are based on the levels at which, in EPA’s view, the benefits from regulation would be de minimis. An applicant for a PSD permit must show that the new or modified facility will, for each regulated pollutant emitted in significant amounts, limit emissions to the level achievable through use of the best available control technology (BACT). The BACT determination is made on a case-by-case basis and must be at least as stringent Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Owner or operator has shown that the proposed project would not contribute to a violation of the NAAQS or the PSD increments. • Proposed project is subject to the best available control technology for each pollutant emitted in more than de minimis amounts. • Effects of the proposed project on the air-quality-related values of Class I areas have been analyzed. • Applicant agrees to monitor the source’s effects. Source: Adapted from CAA § 165(a), 42 USC § 7475(a). concentration that existed in an area when the first application was filed for a PSD permit (CAA § 169(4), 42 USC § 7479(4)).

Industry groups counter by saying that a narrower definition is appropriate because • Many projects that would be covered under a broad view of “modification” do not increase emissions and in fact reduce them by replacing older equipment with less-polluting replacements. • The programs are quite complex, and it is difficult to determine whether an NSR permit is required for a given change. • Preparing a permit application, obtaining any needed offsets, waiting for EPA or state officials to process the application, and complying with BACT for the modification may be costly and burdensome.

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