By N. Anwar
The focal point of this booklet is on business infrastructures of construction and movement, from energy distribution and roads to dry ports and airports. It seems to be at how those infrastructures underpin visions of growth and mediate family members among the kingdom and capitalist agencies in industrializing districts in Punjab, Pakistan.
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Extra resources for Infrastructure Redux: Crisis, Progress in Industrial Pakistan & Beyond
Today, under the PMLN regime the language of infrastructure development is being deployed to carry out a number of mega-projects that promise new trade corridors and foreign-financed energy ventures. While this strategy represents a new phase of legitimizing state power, the weight accorded to industries like textile-garments perceived as an exemplar of globalization is significant. The impact of the electricity crisis on this industry is seen not only as eroding Pakistan’s competitiveness (PRGMEA 2012) but also as weakening its foothold in a cut-throat, globally organized production system (Jenkins 1984; Gereffi & Korzeniewicz 1994; Gereffi 1995, 2005).
The empirical focus of my analysis is two industrial districts in Punjab – Faisalabad and Sialkot – and the textile-garment and sports goods industries that are at the frontiers of globalization there. The province of Punjab is the national hub of the cotton and textile industry, and Faisalabad is often claimed the ‘Manchester of Pakistan’ as it contributes nearly 70 percent to the nation’s total textile-garment exports. In this book, the dynamics of state–firm and firm-to-firm relations are placed within the reshaping of the global economy and Pakistan’s insertion within it, in particular the insertion of the two industries and the recent prioritization of a model of export-oriented growth.
Walt Rostow saw infrastructure or SOC as a necessary precondition for industrialization and the self-sustained growth of developing countries. SOC not only prepared the basis for the expansion of the economy but also created an atmosphere that bred entrepreneurial activities. In Rostow’s theory of economic growth, which was a direct counter to Marxist stage theory of capitalist development, self-sustained growth was an outcome of a hierarchy of developmental stages wherein infrastructure was positioned as a key precondition for the critical stage of takeoff.