Imagination and Reason in Plato, Aristotle, Vico, Rousseau by J.J. Chambliss

By J.J. Chambliss

The current essay grew out of an inte:rest in exploring the connection be­ tween "imagination" and "reason" within the background of naturalistic considering. The essay attempts to teach anything of the spirit of naturalism coming to phrases with where of mind's eye and cause in realizing, making, and doing as actions of human event. This spirit is mentioned by means of taking as its aspect of departure the considering 5 writers: Plato, Aristotle, Giam­ battista Vieo, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and John Keats. Plato and Aristotle are regarded as spokesmen of cause in a global which seemed to be ruled by means of non-reason. they discovered it crucial for humans to aim to benefit the right way to distinguish among the paintings of imagin­ ation and the paintings of cause. In attempting to make the sort of contrast, it turns into transparent that mind's eye has its valid position, besides cause, in human task. Or we'd say that making a choice on where which each and every has is a constant challenge whilst humans take heavily what's excited about shaping brain and personality.

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235. ARISTOTLE knowing, making, and doing - what we find are not what we know to be the primary immediate premises of the sciences, but ideas which might stand as those premises, if only there were some way of assuring ourselves that we have seen clearly and known truly. What we try to do, in living out our days of contested moral positions, is to seek happiness. " Aristotle's end - a happy man in a complete life - seems unrealizable, at least in human experience. And if one is a naturalist, there is no other kind of experience to turn to.

What they have made is not what they have tried to make. What they have imagined is not the way things are, but imagining has had its part in the world that has been made. Men have not been in control of their destinies, even though in making themselves and their institutions, they have tried to do so. Vieo helps us to understand that poetic metaphysics gave expression to an extraordinary insight into the human condition. In its own poetic, yet metaphysical ability to express a way of being in the world, that insight is just what one might expect from the perspective enjoyed by Vico's ideas: the drama and tragedy of the human condition are entirely natural.

Yet we can understand that there is a sense in which taking Vico seriously means to be aware of a sense in which human beings, by virtue of their development through history, are caught up in conditions that we have characterized as dramatic, and often, as tragic. What is dramatic is not "in" nature, if nature be taken as something external to human feeling, perception, and rationality. Rather, what is natural has been created by human beings. Both the creations of poetic metaphysics and the creations of rational metaphysics are creations of human beings.

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