By Rolf Pfeifer
How may well the physique impact our pondering whilst it sort of feels visible that the mind controls the physique? In How the physique Shapes the way in which We Think, Rolf Pfeifer and Josh Bongard display that inspiration isn't self sufficient of the physique yet is tightly limited, and whilst enabled, via it. They argue that the types of innovations we're able to have their starting place in our embodiment -- in our morphology and the fabric houses of our bodies.
This an important suggestion of embodiment underlies primary adjustments within the box of man-made intelligence during the last 20 years, and Pfeifer and Bongard use the fundamental method of man-made intelligence -- "understanding by way of development" -- to explain their insights. If we know how to layout and construct clever structures, they cause, we'll larger comprehend intelligence usually. In available, nontechnical language, and utilizing many examples, they introduce the fundamental innovations through development on contemporary advancements in robotics, biology, neuroscience, and psychology to stipulate a potential conception of intelligence. They illustrate purposes of one of these thought in ubiquitous computing, enterprise and administration, and the psychology of human reminiscence. Embodied intelligence, as defined through Pfeifer and Bongard, has very important implications for our knowing of either average and synthetic intelligence.
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Additional resources for How the Body Shapes the Way We Think: A New View of Intelligence (MIT Press)
Learning, which is mentioned in many definitions of intelligence, is a powerful means for increasing behavioral diversity over time. This general characterization of intelligence will be discussed in more detail in chapter 3. , by performing experiments with humans as in psychology; by studying brain processes as in neuroscience; or by thinking about it in different ways, as in philosophy. In this book we will employ the method of artificial intelligence, which we consider especially productive for this purpose.
Intelligence, Artificial Intelligence, Embodiment, and What the Book Is About is very involved and multifaceted, and trying to come up with a clear-cut definition seems doomed to failure from the very start. So, rather than trying to come up with a definition of intelligence, our suggestion for how to make progress is to look for a topic of interest (such as how dogs can run or catch a Frisbee; how rats learn so quickly to orient in a maze; how ants find their way back to the nest as they return from a trip searching for food; or how humans walk and recognize a face in a crowd) and then try to understand how this particular behavior comes about.
If we do, though, is the intelligence of an ant colony comparable to the intelligence of a human, or to that of a single ant? One point in our favor is that ant colonies cannot speak, while humans can. So, if we consider language to be an important part of intelligence, we might be tempted to conclude that all humans are more intelligent than ant colonies. Maybe ants, or their colonies as a whole, are not really intelligent, but what about rats or dogs? They are certainly more intelligent than ants, because they can do things that ants cannot, such as learning to navigate in a maze or catching a Frisbee while running.