By Alexander Libman
An in-depth research of 1 of crucial and complicated problems with the post-Soviet period, specifically the (re-)integration of this hugely interconnected zone. The booklet considers the evolution of 'holding-together' teams because the cave in of the Soviet Union in 1991, intergovernmental interplay and casual monetary and social ties.
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Extra resources for Holding-Together Regionalism: Twenty Years of Post-Soviet Integration (Euro-Asian Studies)
Another example would be the international organizations established in the former Soviet Union and Central and Eastern Europe without Russia’s participation (and often explicitly attempting to restrict Russia’s economic and political influence): these are the Central European Free Trade Area (CEFTA) and the GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development (its name is the acronym of its members – Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova). In both cases, the economic and political links between the countries are strongly influenced by, if not inherited from, their membership of the Soviet-led Council for Mutual Economic Assistance and the USSR.
Although the coup ultimately failed, no further attempts to restore the Soviet Union as it had been were implemented. Thus, although 37 A. , Holding-Together Regionalism: Twenty Years of Post-Soviet Integration © Alexander Libman and Evgeny Vinokurov 2012 38 Post-Soviet Integration originally they were not perceived in this way, in some senses the negotiations regarding the destiny of the USSR in the autumn of 1991 marked the starting point for negotiations over new post-Soviet regional integration.
The organization expanded rapidly and by 1993, 12 of the 15 FSU republics (that is, all but the Baltic states) had joined the CIS. However, the fundamental principle of the CIS was that this organization existed only as a ‘core’ of agreements. The set of agreements all members of the CIS had to sign was very small and did not even include the CIS Charter: current CIS law distinguishes between ‘members’ (chlenstvo) and ‘participants’ (uchastie) depending upon whether the country ratified the CIS charter or not.