Hitler's Ethic: The Nazi Pursuit of Evolutionary Progress by Richard Weikart

By Richard Weikart

In this booklet, Weikart is helping liberate the secret of Hitler’s evil via vividly demonstrating the staggering end that Hitler’s immorality flowed from a coherent ethic. Hitler was once encouraged by means of evolutionary ethics to pursue the utopian undertaking of biologically bettering the human race. This ethic underlay or prompted nearly each significant characteristic of Nazi coverage: eugenics (i.e., measures to enhance human heredity, together with obligatory sterilization), euthanasia, racism, inhabitants growth, offensive battle, and racial extermination.

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14 Hitler thus presented biological struggle in the evolutionary process as a central tenet of Nazism. ” he again stressed the importance of struggle in the Nazi worldview. He opened the speech by explaining—as he did earlier in Mein Kampf and the Second Book—that the two main forces ruling human life are hunger and love. ” In order to fulfill these instincts, all organisms, including humans, must struggle, because there is insufficient space available for everyone to keep reproducing. ”15 Hitler was clearly obsessed with the Malthusian population principle that Darwin had integrated into his theory, and he used it to justify expansionism.

His penchant for violent expressions of the struggle for existence, however, was not a necessary corollary of Darwinian theory, though it did not contradict Darwinism. In Mein Kampf and in many of his speeches, Hitler explained that the struggle for existence among organisms is caused by the tendency 34 Hitler’s Ethic for populations to expand faster than their food supplies. This was a central idea of Darwin, derived from Thomas Robert Malthus’s famous population essay. Malthus had argued that the reproductive rates of organisms—including humans—leads necessarily to competition for scarce resources.

Hitler thought that the triumph of the Nazi Party in Germany, and then the triumph of Germany against its neighbors, would benefit the highest race, the Aryans, and thus lead to a higher level of humanity. If lying was necessary to achieve this, so be it. Lying to Jews, whom Hitler clearly did not include in the moral community, was clearly permissible, he thought. Though he often described the Jews as perfidious deceivers, he considered it perfectly acceptable to fight fire with fire. In a 1922 meeting in Munich, Hitler said he did not understand the statement “that one should not proceed with violence against the Jews.

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