GWAI-92: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 16th German by Hans J. Ohlbach

By Hans J. Ohlbach

This quantity provides the court cases of the 16th German convention on man made Intelligence, held within the Gustav Stresemann Institute in Berlin from August 31 to September three, 1992. the quantity includes 24 papers presentedin the technical periods, eight papers chosen from the workshop contributions, and an invited speak via D.M. Gabbay entitled "Howto build a common sense in your application". themes mentioned within the technical papers contain: a version removing calculus, a looked after good judgment, human theorem proving, deduction in accordance with Shannon graphs, professional procedure functions, wisdom engineering, time period networks, ahead common sense evaluate, suggestion help, heuristic inductivegeneralization, language engineering, function good judgment, similarity evaluation, and so forth.

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Extra info for GWAI-92: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 16th German Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Bonn, Germany, August 31 - September 3, 1992. Proceedings (Lecture Notes in Computer Science)

Example text

From a t o m s we construct literals and formulas using the logical connectives. A clause is a set of literals which is interpreted as the universal closure of the disjunction of the literals. The set of all terms is denoted by T ~ . Substitutions are total functions ~r: V --~ T ~ such that the set DOM(cr): = {xs I cr(xs) 7s xs} is finite. The application of substitutions can be extended to terms, formulas, and clauses in the usual way. W i t h COD(~r) we denote the eodomain of c~, COD(a): = a(DOM(c~)).

Thus the unification algorithm checks well sortedness of assignments to variables with respect to a set L , of declarations. In our approach the interesting question is which declarations we must consider during unification. g. g. {a~S, P(a, a)} or {a

A theory T is a satisfiable set of clauses. I Concerning model theory it is sufficient to consider Herbrandinterpretations only, which assign a fixed meaning to all language elements short of atoms; thus we define a (Herbrand-) interpretation to be any total function from the set of ground atoms to {true,false}. A (Herbrand-) T-interpretation is an interpretation satisfying the theory T. An interpretation (resp. T-interpretation) I satisfies (resp. T-satisfies) a clause set M iff I simultaneously assigns true to all ground instances of the clauses in M.

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