By Simon Roger
Antonio Gramsci used to be an leading edge and wide-ranging philosopher whose interpretations of Marxism helped rescue it from determinism and fiscal reductionism. within the phrases of Stuart corridor: 'Reading Gramsci has fertilised our political mind's eye, remodeled our state of mind, our sort of suggestion, our entire political project'. Gramsci's artistic use of phrases akin to hegemony, civil society and historical block provides a brand new measurement to political vocabulary. however the fragmentary nature of his writings, specifically within the legal Notebooks, implies that it isn't continually effortless to know the total importance of his principles. This booklet, thoroughly revised in 1991 and extra revised in 2015, offers an account of Gramsci's paintings which makes his writing available and understandable for the modern reader. Roger Simon was once an economist and researcher who performed an incredible position within the Seventies and Eighties in making on hand and disseminating English translations of Gramsci's writings.
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Extra info for Gramsci's Political Thought: An Introduction (Revised)
This analysis of Italian conditions became one of his main preoccupations in prison, reflected in his notes on Italian history, Italian literature and the Italian language, and in the immense number of notes on Italian intellectuals which are scattered throughout the Prison Notebooks. The path to socialism could only be found on the basis of a thorough understanding of the ‘original and unique’ history of Italy. The impact of the Russian Revolution of 1917 was so great that it was natural for revolutionaries in other countries in the years immediately following to think that the socialist revolution in their countries would have the same essential features as it had had in Russia—features which eventually came to be embodied in the term ‘dictatorship of the proletariat’.
In these conditions fascism found a mass basis in the urban and rural Classics in Politics: Antonio Gramsci ElecBook Gramsci’s Political Thought: The Maintenance of Hegemony 45 petty bourgeoisie who had become much more politically active as a result of the war, and could easily be organised into military-style squads for brutal attacks on the labour movement and its institutions. Mussolini’s fascist movement thus succeeded in replacing the old compromises by reorganising all the bourgeoisie’s forces in a single political organism combining the party, the government and the state, cemented by a reactionary ideology based on aggressive nationalism.
They did not concern themselves solely with the immediate and narrow corporate interests of the bourgeoisie as the hegemonic group of all the popular forces. They represented not only the needs and aspirations of the actual physical individuals who constituted the French bourgoisie, but also the needs of ‘all the national groups which had to be assimilated’ to it. This meant identifying the interests and requirements common to all the national forces, in order to set these forces in motion and lead them into the struggle.