By Louis Augustin-Jean, Hélène Ilbert, Saavedra-R, HÃ©lÃ¨ne Ilbert, Neantro Saavedra-Rivano
Nutrients protection issues have boosted the Asian call for for caliber nutrients regularly and items of geographical symptoms particularly. This e-book indicates how Asian international locations are empowering areas and firms enthusiastic about differentiation innovations, and the consequences that this legislation may have.
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Extra info for Geographical Indications and International Agricultural Trade: The Challenge for Asia
In addition it pursues vigorously protection of these products through several avenues. Efforts at a global level, at the World Trade Organization, in particular at the Neantro Saavedra-Rivano 27 TRIPS Council, have had rather modest results. Most effective have been those conducted on a bilateral basis, leading to specific agreements with Australia, Canada, Chile, Mexico, South Africa and the United States. In the case of Chile and South Africa these agreements were negotiated as part of wider bilateral cooperation treaties.
I do not think that Polanyi would have agreed with such a formulation. Machine production is insufficient to define a commodity as non-fictive; there is therefore something else behind this definition of fictitious commodities and special markets. 2 Fictitious commodities and biopolitics Fictitious commodities mark the fact that the market latches on to life, the life of the mass of individuals upon which the functioning of the market depends. The fictitious commodity is a Polanyian formulation that can be linked to Foucault’s biopolitics (1977, 1978) – the subsequent phase being the commodification of life itself, the zoe of Giorgio Agamben (1995), and no longer only the bios (life qualified by its political dimension).
For one thing, most of the disagreements on GIs take place in the international domain. Not that there are no disagreements within respective national environments but nations usually possess institutional mechanisms that can, in principle, be activated to deal with them. The situation is not so clear internationally and this chapter will look at how the World Trade Organization (WTO) has handled them so far. In addition to the controversies and disputes surrounding GIs we will also look at the connection between them and development policies in developing countries, especially the use of GIs in development strategies that seek to generate export revenues through the exploitation of their ‘hidden’ treasures.