Gender and Culture in Psychology: Theories and Practices by Eva Magnusson

By Eva Magnusson

Gender and tradition in Psychology introduces new methods to the mental research of gender that compile feminist psychology, socio-cultural psychology, discursive psychology and demanding psychology. It offers examine and conception that embed human motion in social, cultural and interpersonal contexts. The publication presents conceptual instruments for pondering gender, social categorization, human meaning-making, and tradition. It additionally describes a relatives of interpretative learn tools that concentrate on wealthy speak and lifestyle. It presents a close-in view of ways interpretative study proceeds. The latter a part of the e-book showcases cutting edge initiatives that examine subject matters of shock to feminist students and activists: younger adolescents' encounters with heterosexual norms; men and women negotiating family tasks and childcare; sexual coercion and violence in heterosexual encounters; the cultural politics of women's weight and consuming matters; psychiatric labeling of mental discomfort; and feminism in psychotherapy.

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The third dimension of power, ideological power, is the power to shape people’s ways of seeing the world, their meanings and interpretations, preferences and wishes. This power dimension is typically less readily discernible than the first two. It is typical of ideologies that they remain invisible; that is, people are unaware of them as ideologies. Because of the invisibility of ideology, ideologies are often experienced as “the way things are” and thus do not have to be explicitly invoked. Ideological power can lead people to embrace stances that are detrimental to their well-being or position in society.

This is what defines a person as human. There is no way of being outside culture and still being human. Humans are defined as humans by the webs of significance: A human animal without such a support system would not be human. The image of individuals suspended in a culture as if in a web could be taken to imply that culture is outside individuals. However, as Geertz points out, it is humans themselves who have spun these webs of significance; thus, the webs are not outside at all. ” Each is needed for the other to exist.

Normalization takes place through what Foucault called disciplinary power. This term points specifically to the power of “the ordinary” (or the taken-for-granted) to discipline individuals (Foucault, 1975/ 1991; Gavey, 2005). Such disciplinary power operates through social institutions such as education, medicine, work, law, marriage, and religion, as well as through the social institutions of the mental health professions (Rose, 1989, 1996). In modern societies, disciplinary power has become less open and explicit.

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