By Jill S Nield-Gehrig
Now in complete colour, with over 1,400 images and illustrations, the 6th variation of this market-leading textual content is a step by step, hugely visible consultant to the how-to's of periodontal instrumentation. It takes scholars from simple talents akin to sufferer positioning, intraoral finger rests, and simple instrumentation, all of the option to complicated thoughts equivalent to evaluation of periodontal sufferers and instrumentation of multirooted enamel, root concavities, and furcation components. severe considering actions and sufferer instances advertise software of ideas and problem-solving abilities. A brand-new bonus DVD packaged with this version comprises movies demonstrating the ideas coated within the ebook.
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Extra info for Fundamentals of Periodontal Instrumentation and Advanced Root Instrumentation, Edition: Sixth
J Oral Rehabil 29:473–477 Lee KH, Kim HI, Kim KH, Kwon YH (2006) Mineral loss from bovine enamel by a 30% hydrogen peroxide solution. J Oral Rehabil 33:229–233 Leung SW (1950) Naturally occurring stains on the teeth of children. J Am Dent Assoc 41:191–197 Li Q, Xu BT, Li R, Yu H, Wang YN (2010) Quantitative evaluation of colour regression and mineral content change of bleached teeth. J Dent 38:253–260 Linden LA, Bjorkman S, Hattab F (1986) The diffusion in vitro of fluoride and chlorhexidine in the enamel of human deciduous and permanent teeth.
2011). R. Kwon causing these effects (Abouassi et al. 2011; Chng et al. 2005; Hegedüs et al. 1999; Mahringer et al. 2009; Sato et al. 2013; Ubaldini et al. 2013). Moreover, other studies have implicated that proteolysis by dentin metalloproteinases and cathepsin B might also compromise the organic component of dentin (Sato et al. 2013; Toledano et al. 2011). Collectively, these studies demonstrate that hydrogen peroxide indeed interacts with all components of dentin and enamel. Thus, it may not only target chromophore stains, but also whiten by modifying the organic substances within the tooth.
1991). A third pathway is derived by a combination of homolytic and heterolytic cleavage and generates active oxygen that is both an anion and a free radical: HOO• + OH − → O •− 2 + H 2 O ( basic condition ) and HOO • → O•− 2 + H − ( acidic condition ) 2 Tooth Whitening: How Does It Work 27 Active oxygen is attracted to electron-rich areas of stain molecules and cleaves double bond to reduce color or remove the compound (Albers 1991). Despite the well-known chemistry of hydrogen peroxide and its application to establish the chromophore theory, many issues remain unsolved.