By Steven E Clemente
Steven Clemente describes how conservative traditions and artistocratic values have been preserved within the choice and coaching of German military officials sooner than international warfare I regardless of altering instances and the inflow of many middle-class recruits into the military. He demonstrates how correct pondering and repair to the King and the Kaiser have been the root for Prussian officer schooling within the interval from 1860 to 1914.
The background presents enormous aspect approximately German secondary institution schooling, the choice of officials, the curriculum, and lifestyles within the cadet and battle faculties, the lifetime of a subaltern, and the schooling of the Prussian struggle Academy. The publication concludes with an research of the attitudes and loyalties of the officials that entered international conflict I. scholars of eu heritage and armed forces affairs will locate this learn one who increases a couple of provocative questions about German functionality in international battle I and in next years.
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Extra resources for For King and Kaiser!: The Making of the Prussian Army Officer, 1860-1914 (Contributions in Military Studies)
It was all the old guard could do just to accept the expanded influx of bourgeois officers without contending with the possibility of reaching into the lower classes. Noncoms continued to entertain little hope of being promoted until World War I when the decimation of officers forced the army to commission them in large numbers. Tradition 21 The Prussian array of 1871 received worldwide attention for its victories in the wars of unification. But u n d e r n e a t h its seemingly invincible exterior, there existed a sense of uncertainty.
37. R i t t e r , Prussian Tradition, 118. 38. Lascelles Wraxall, The Armies of the Great Powers (London: Win. H. A l l e n , 1859), 100; Vagts, Militarism, 35; and R i t t e r , Prussian Tradition, 117-18. 39. Waldemar Graf Roon, Kriegsminister von Roon als Redner, 2 vols. (Breslau: Eduard Trewendt, 1895-96), 1:25; and R i t t e r , Prussian Tradition, 145. 40. A secondary school offering m o d e r n technical and scientific subjects. After unification it was c o m m o n l y known as the Realgymnasiurn.
The wars of 1864 and 1866 clearly exposed the inadequate supply of officer replacements from traditional stock. Formerly, the middle class candidates found grudging acceptance into the engineers or heavy a r t i l l e r y — b r a n c h e s that were scorned and avoided by most aristocrats for both the lack of prestige and the technical education required(49). But this segregation, both social and professional, was becoming more and more difficult to sustain. The events of the 1860s forced the officer corps to accept, or at least address, the realities of waging modern warfare.