Environmental Radioactivity and Emergency Preparedness by Mats Isaksson, Christopher L. Raaf

By Mats Isaksson, Christopher L. Raaf

Radioactive resources equivalent to nuclear strength installations can pose an exceptional chance to either people and the environment. How can we degree, version and keep an eye on such threats? Environmental Radioactivity and Emergency Preparedness addresses those topical questions and goals to plug the space within the loss of complete literature during this box.

The e-book explores the right way to take care of the threats posed by way of various radiological assets, together with those who are misplaced or hidden, and the problems posed by way of such resources. It provides dimension equipment and methods to version and quantify the level of possibility, and likewise provides suggestions for emergency preparedness, reminiscent of ideas for first-responders and radiological triage in case an twist of fate should still ensue.

Containing the newest suggestions and tactics from our bodies similar to the IAEA, this e-book is a necessary reference for either scholars and academicians learning radiation defense, in addition to for radiation safeguard specialists in public our bodies or within the industry.

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Extra info for Environmental Radioactivity and Emergency Preparedness (Series in Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering)

Example text

4 Production of Radionuclides in a Reactor . . . . . 2 Nuclear Weapons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Nuclear Weapons Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Effects of Nuclear Weapons . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Nuclear Fission Bombs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Thermonuclear Weapons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Radioisotopes Used in Medicine . . . . .

4 Radium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Radon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Series Decay and Equilibria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM and TENORM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Radon and Radon Exposure Enhanced by Man . . . . . . . . 1 Potential Alpha Energy .

Note that the β-emitting daughters 214 Pb and 214 Bi can also be assigned a potential alpha energy since they eventually give rise to the alpha emitter 214 Po. 7 MeV. However, instead of referring to the number atoms in an air volume, it is more practical to determine the concentration of radon daughters. We can then define the potential alpha energy concentration, Cp , as the potential alpha energy per unit volume of air. If the activity concentration of radon daughter j is Cj , this will give rise to a potential alpha energy concentration Cpj .

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