By Richard Grove
This can be a selection of essays displaying that issues approximately weather switch are faraway from being a uniquely smooth phenomenon. It lines the origins of environmental debates approximately soil erosion, deforestation, and weather switch within the writings of early colonial directors, medical professionals and missionaries. the writer lines what's identified and what may be inferred approximately El Nino occasions centuries earlier than the devastating 1997/1998 results. In a concluding essay he analyzes the overall importance of "marginal" land and its ecology within the heritage of renowned resistance events.
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Extra resources for Ecology, Climate and Empire: Colonialism and Global Environmental History, 1400-1940
Fserious disease taking place in the rapidly expanding cities, especially In Calcutta, the political capital, in part because ofan increasing medical interest in epidemiology and the connections between water supply and disease transmission, an interest articulated rather earlier in India than Britain. 70 Anxieties about the state's responsibility in this field were increasingly raised in moral and practical terms. In 1836 Surgeon Ranald Martin produced a pioneering report (which considerably preceded the comparable efforts ofEdwin Chadwick in Britain) on the need for public health measures and the universal provision ofclean water in Calcutta.
The first application ofPoivre's ideas outside Mauritius itself took place, perhaps not surprisingly, on St Helena. Surveys carried out by Alexander Beatson, an army officer and subordinate of Arthur Wellesley in Mysore, on Mauritius in 1794 indicated that by then the scientific rationale behind forest reservation on Mauritius was becoming more widely known. 89 Thus, in that same year the EIC somewhat belatedly instructed the St Helena government to protect the forests on the island as a way of ensuring that the rainfall , I 07 M.
Because he had already acquired a high reputati:~ while a VaccI~ator In Khandeish during the 1830slO8 Furthermore, he had. even received gold medals from the Company in recognition of his achievements in pharmacological and epidemiological research. e~ Superintendenrofrhe Botanic Garden at Dapoorie, near ~oona, a posinon carrymg an equivalent weight to the post of Supenntendent of the Calcutta Botanic Garden. This appointment meant that h~ became the obvious source of expertise for the Bombay government In 1839 on forest matters.