By David J. Dowrick
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Additional info for Earthquake Risk Reduction
Dowrick 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd ISBN: 0-471-49688-X (HB) 28 Determination of site characteristics local compared to the total terrain transversed between the earthquake source and the site. On the assumption that the gross bedrock vibration will be similar at two adjacent sites, local differences in geology and soil produce different surface ground motions at the two sites. Factors inﬂuencing the local modiﬁcations to the underlying motion are the topography and nature of the bedrock and the nature and geometry of the depositional soils.
Unfortunately, for non-seismologists at least, understanding the general literature related to earthquakes is impeded by the difﬁculty of ﬁnding precise deﬁnitions of fundamental seismological terms. For assistance in the use of this book, deﬁnitions of some basic terms are set out below. Further deﬁnitions may be found elsewhere in this book or in the references given above. ’ Earthquake strength is deﬁned in two ways: ﬁrst the strength of shaking at any given place (called the intensity) and second, the total strength (or size) of the event itself (called magnitude, seismic moment, or moment magnitude).
J Soil Mech Found Divn 90(SM8): 787–806. Suzuki Z (Ed) (1971) General Report on the Tokachi-Oki earthquake of 1968. Keigaki Publishing Co, Tokyo. Wiegel RL (1976) Tsunamis. In Seismic risk and engineering decisions (Ed. C Lomnitz and E Rosenblueth). Elsevier, Amsterdam. Wilson SD and Dietrich RJ (1960) Effect of consolidation pressure on elastic and strength properties of clay. Proc. ASCE Res Conf on Shear Strength of Cohesive Soils, University of Colorado: 419-35, discussion: 1086–92. Wood SH et al.