By D. Briggs, C. Corvalan, G. Zielhuis
Decision-Making in Environmental Health examines the necessity for info in help of decision-making in environmental overall healthiness. It discusses symptoms of environmental health and wellbeing, equipment of information assortment and the evaluate of publicity to and the wellbeing and fitness effect of alternative environmental probability components.
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Extra resources for Decision-Making in Environmental Health: From Evidence to Action
49, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 205–11. Lalonde, M. ] 1974 A New Perspective on the Health of Canadians—a Working Document. Health and Welfare, Canada. J. 1996 Wanted: designs for health in the urban environment. World Health Forum, 47, 363–6. McKeown, T. 1976 The Role of Medicine—Dream, Mirage or Nemesis? The Nuffield Provincial Hospitals Trust, UK. McMichael, A J. 1993 Planetary Overload—Global environmental change and the Health of the Human Species. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
An alternative may be to express the indicator in terms of the number of people “at risk”. This can often be estimated from knowledge of the levels of exposure across the population. g. where pollution levels are measured at too few sites to allow estimates of the population exposure). In these situations, the indicator may be expressed simply in terms of environmental concentrations, or some measure of source activity. The further the indicator is removed from the health outcome, the less clearly it expresses the health risk involved, and the more uncertain any interpretations of these risks will be.
An open and participatory approach is more likely to make the results more credible and acceptable, to provide time for the community to consider in advance the technical concepts and limitations and range of outcomes, and thus to allow decisions to be taken and implemented more effectively and speedily (Ozinoff and Boden, 1987). It is recognised, however, that the political process must support a participatory approach. In certain societies, civic organisations have remained weak, not formally recognised, repressive or nonexistent.