Culture and Psychology by David Matsumoto, Linda Juang

By David Matsumoto, Linda Juang

Tradition AND PSYCHOLOGY, sixth variation illustrates how and why tradition affects psychological techniques and behaviors in people, and is suitable for someone interacting with humans from diversified cultures. Incorporating present learn that highlights the connection among tradition and psychology, the authors use a cross-cultural framework that provides scholars the instruments useful for comparing many mental strategies and rules from a cultural point of view. furthermore, the textual content encourages scholars to question commonly held ideals and theories and their relevance to diversified cultural teams this present day, and to use what they learn how to their very own lives.

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Given these limitations, psychologists need to go beyond the use of ethnic labels to explain individual and group differences in psychology. Phinney (1996) has outlined three key aspects of ethnicity that deserve further attention: cultural norms and values; the strength, salience, and meaning of ethnic identity; and attitudes associated with minority status. We agree with the emphasis on culture as an underlying determinant of psychological functioning. Culture makes ethnic group differences meaningful, and psychologists should focus on it, as well as on the other two aspects outlined by Phinney (1996), in understanding and describing ethnicity.

Out of all the myriad behaviors possible in the human repertoire, cultures help to focus people’s behaviors and attention on a few limited alternatives in order to maximize their effectiveness, given their resources and their environment (Poortinga, 1990). Is Culture a Uniquely Human Product? If we understand culture as a response or solution to the problem of adapting to our contexts in order to meet basic biological and social needs, then one question that arises is whether humans are the only beings that have culture.

For one, popular culture does not necessarily involve sharing a wide range of psychological attributes across various psychological domains. Culture as defined in this chapter involves a system of rules that cuts across attitudes, values, opinions, beliefs, norms, and behaviors. Popular culture may involve sharing in the value of a certain type of expression, but does not necessarily involve a way of life. A second important difference concerns cultural transmission across generations. Popular culture refers to values or expressions that come and go as fads or trends within a few years.

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