Conflict, Negotiation and European Union Enlargement by Christina J. Schneider

By Christina J. Schneider

Each one wave of enlargement of the ecu Union has ended in political tensions and clash. current participants worry their club privileges will reduce and applicants are loath to concede the anticipated merits of club. regardless of those conflicts, expansion has regularly succeeded - so why does the european proceed to confess new states even supposing present individuals may well lose from their accession? Combining political financial system common sense with statistical and case examine analyses, Christina J. Schneider argues that the dominant theories of ecu growth forget about how ecu participants and applicant states negotiate the distribution of growth advantages and prices. She explains that ecu growth occurs regardless of distributional conflicts if the general earnings of growth are redistributed from the relative winners between latest participants and candidates to the relative losers. If the final earnings from expansion are sufficiently nice, a redistribution of those earnings will compensate losers, making growth beautiful for all states.

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7 EU members must formulate a common position on each chapter, and then adopt it unanimously. This position must specify any possible derogations or transitional periods. 8 This position is then presented to the candidate, 7 8 The chapters are the Free Movement of Goods, the Free Movement of Persons, the Freedom to Provide Services, the Free Movement of Capital, Company Law, Competition Policy, Agriculture, Fisheries, Transport Policy, Taxation, the Economic and Monetary Union, Statistics, Social Policy and Employment, Energy, Industrial Policy, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprizes, Science and Research, Education and Training, Telecommunications and Information Technologies, Culture and Audio-Visual Policy, Regional Policy and Co-ordination of Structural Instruments, Environment, Consumers and Health Protection, Cooperation in the Field of Justice and Home affairs, Customs Union, External Relations, Common Foreign and Security Policy, Financial Control, Financial and Budgetary Provisions, and Institutions.

In June 2006, the EU members also agreed to take into serious consideration EU’s capacity for further expansion (EU Commission 2006a). The formal EU enlargement process 17 Formal Application (Art. 49 TEU) Official Notice of the EU Council Rejection Official Opinion of the EU Commission Begin of Accession Negotiations (incl. Pre-Accession Strategics) “Screening” By Acquis Chapter: Position Papers Formulated by Applicant EU Commission’s Proposal for a Common EU Position COREPER’s Decision on Common EU Position Consultation with Applicant on All Chapters of the Common Acquis and Composition of the Accession Treaty Ratification EP (Absolute Majority) EU Council (Unanimity) Member States and Applicant Deposition of the Ratification Certificates Commencement of Accession Fig.

2001). Accession negotiations and enlargement outcomes 27 insisted that objective criteria should determine how long these periods should last. 20 This was hardly the common position in the EU. 21 The Spanish government strongly opposed any restrictions on the full and immediate implementation of the common acquis, and deprecated the German proposal (Neue Zuricher Zeitung, December 18, 2000; Der Standard, June 1, 2001). ¨ The Swedish government also aimed at the full liberalization of the Swedish labor market after enlargement.

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