Complexity and Industrial Clusters: Dynamics and Models in by Alberto Quadrio Curzio, Marco Fortis

By Alberto Quadrio Curzio, Marco Fortis

This quantity includes the complaints of the overseas convention "Complexity and business Clusters: Dynamics and types in conception and Practice", geared up by means of Fondazione Comunita e Innovazione and held in Milan on June 19 and 20, 2001 lower than the aegis of the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei (founded in Rome in 1604), one of many oldest and most famed nationwide academies of technology on the planet. Fondazione Comunita e Innovazione encourages learn and the dissemination of data approximately social, monetary, cultural and civil matters. It promotes learn and innovation regarding neighborhood construction platforms and business districts, with distinctive connection with: the interactions among huge businesses and SMEs (small and medium-size enterprises), the consequences of business districts at the improvement and welfare in their groups and of neighbouring components, the consequences of globalisation on those neighborhood platforms of productions. Fondazione Comunita e Innovazione used to be created in Milan in 1999. It helps stories, guides, and occasions, either by itself and in cooperation with companies, learn institutes, foundations, institutions and universities. It additionally supplies medical sponsorship to investigate that's according to its undertaking, as set forth in its by-laws. The founding member of the Fondazione is Edison (formerly Monted:son). the opposite subscribing participants, in ancient order, are: Ausimont, Tecnimont, Eridania, Accenture, and PricewaterhouseCoopers.

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Extra resources for Complexity and Industrial Clusters: Dynamics and Models in Theory and Practice (Contributions to Economics)

Sample text

H. Holland First among these criteria is the requirement that the phenomenon be a repeating pattern in a system that exhibits perpetual novelty. This repeating pattern is a feature or property common to some subset of the unending building-block combinations. In mathematical terms, the repeating pattern is an equivalence class within the subset of combinations. Let us call such a repeating pattern a regularity. In the dynamics of a cas, regularities typically distinguish commonalities among some of the agents.

Since it is an elective place where economics, society and history intersect, the territory contains information and complex relationships that exceed the sphere of calculable actions. One could even say that thinking in the past century, because it was consumed with reducing complexity, was ultimately also an enemy of the territory, which was perceived as a system that creates, preserves and reproduces the complexity of history and experience. The reason why we are now re-examining with such great interest industrial clusters and other local phenomena that are rooted in geographical locations and are rediscovering old studies of territorial economies that were gathering dust in local archives is because we need to understand how to tackle high levels of complexity without first breaking it down with computations, controls and negotiations, since time has shown all these methods to be blunt and increasingly ineffective instruments.

Reduction still works, but it is not simple because the interactions are not simple. The behaviour of the whole cannot be obtained by simply adding together the behaviours of the parts. These four criteria go a long way toward separating the phenomena I would like to call emergent from most other phenomena. The criteria are subject to explicit testing procedures, so emergent phenomena satisfying these criteria are not an eyeof-the-beholder effect. 4. Models and Prediction Though modelling is the subject of an extensive literature with rigorous mathematical underpinnings (homomorphism), I will only comment informally on a few aspects relevant to the modelling of cas and agents.

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