By Jean Dennison
From 2004 to 2006 the Osage state performed a contentious governmental reform technique during which sharply differing visions arose over the hot government's ambitions, the Nation's personal background, and what it capability to be Osage. the first debates have been fascinated about biology, tradition, ordinary assets, and sovereignty. Osage anthropologist Jean Dennison files the reform strategy so as to display the lasting results of colonialism and to light up the probabilities for indigenous sovereignty. In doing so, she brings to gentle the various complexities of defining indigenous citizenship and governance within the twenty-first century.
via situating the 2004-6 Osage state reform approach inside of its historic and present contexts, Dennison illustrates how the Osage have creatively spoke back to carrying on with attacks on their nationhood. a desirable account of a state in the middle of its personal remaking, Colonial Entanglement provides a pointy research of ways legacies of eu invasion and payment in North the US proceed to impact indigenous people's perspectives of selfhood and nationhood.
Read or Download Colonial Entanglement: Constituting a Twenty-First-Century Osage Nation (First Peoples: New Directions in Indigenous Studies (University of North Carolina Press Paperback)) PDF
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Additional info for Colonial Entanglement: Constituting a Twenty-First-Century Osage Nation (First Peoples: New Directions in Indigenous Studies (University of North Carolina Press Paperback))
32 This tribal council structure, as with other American Indian nations, created an environment that focused on short-term rather than long-term R e f o r m : : : 27 progress. According to research by Stephen Cornell and Joseph Kalt, this lack of foresight often translates into a series of negative impacts,33 many of which were evidenced by the Osage case. One of the most destructive impacts was nepotism, as relatives were hired who desperately needed work but were unqualified for the positions.
S. government might decide to dissolve recognition of the Osage Nation when the last person listed on the roll passed away. Given that there was only one original allottee left, this was an imminent problem. As Gray explained, “In a narrow interpretation of the 1906 law, you could have drawn the conclusion that only the original allottees were members of the tribe because they closed the rolls. ”35 According to Leonard Maker, the OTC originally wanted to pass a bill that only changed citizenship but left voting rights and governance tied to the headright system.
At this new site, threatened with war and an end to all trade, two of the three Osage groups were forced to sign a treaty, according to which they ceded 50,000 square miles of land in exchange for a new trading post and an annuity payment of $1,500 per Osage citizen. S. S. government to gain the upper hand in negotiations with the Osage in a very short period. ”7 In this way, the Osage were forced to contribute to the building of colonial schools across America, including Carlisle Indian School and Haskell Institute.