Clinical Textbook of Dental Hygiene and Therapy , 1st by Robert Ireland

By Robert Ireland

This groundbreaking textbook intertwines the topics of dental hygiene and dental treatment to supply a entire source for college students of those classes, in addition to these learning new measure programmes in oral healthiness technology. medical Textbook of Dental Hygiene and treatment has been designed as a committed significant other textual content for those disciplines and will let scholars to streamline their basic reading.The beginning component to the e-book is devoted to suitable oral sciences: anatomy; histology; embryology; oral medication and pathology. The scientific part includes fourteen chapters which offer assurance of the middle syllabus for dental hygiene and remedy. the ultimate part is devoted to basic dental care providers and legislations, ethics and professionalism. each one bankruptcy incorporates a revision part to augment learning.Following path advancements and a selection within the remit of either hygienists and therapists, this ebook has been written not just for college kids, yet as a revision and updating guide for working towards hygienists and therapists.

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Sample text

The submandibular and sublingual glands receive their parasympathetic innervation from the chorda tympani (branch of the facial nerve) via the lingual nerve and submandibular ganglion. 3 Functions of the salivary glands. Action Function Lubrication and protection Keeps oral mucosa moist, prevents dehydration of oral mucosa, protects teeth and mucosa, acts as a barrier to irritants, aids speech, mastication and swallowing Cleansing action Assists in the self cleansing of oral cavity, clears loose particles of food Taste Dissolves substances into solution, facilitating taste Digestion Contains enzyme amylase which converts starch into maltose Buffering action Helps neutralise plaque acids by increasing the pH of plaque Maintaining water balance Dehydration causes a reduction of saliva giving rise to dry mouth, encouraging individuals to drink Antimicrobial action Specific immunoglobulins and antibacterial and antifungal mechanisms help to control oral microflora Providing an ion reservoir Saliva is saturated with inorganic ions preventing or reducing tooth dissolution.

It also carries parasympathetic fibres to the submandibular ganglion to supply the submandibular and sublingual salivary glands. Inferior dental (alveolar) nerve: this nerve enters the inferior dental canal through the mandibular foramen; just before it enters it gives off the mylohyoid nerve that supplies motor fibres to the mylohyoid muscle and the anterior belly of the digastric. Within the inferior dental canal, the inferior dental nerve gives off sensory fibres to the mandibular molars and premolars.

12. The layer of vascular tissue under the oral mucosa is called: (a) The lamina propria. (b) The lamina dura. (c) The lamina terminalis. (d) The lamina transversalis. 13. The firm acellular fibrous protein layer on the surface of the gingivae contains: (a) Actin. (b) Myocin. (c) Keratin. (d) Peptin. 14. When is the root formation of the permanent upper central incisor complete? (a) 10 years. (b) 12 years. (c) 14 years. (d) 16 years. 17. The epithelium which maps out the shape of the root is called: (a) The stellate reticulum.

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