By CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis
Difficult Neighbours offers extensive insurance of the German and Dutch economies, from an institutional viewpoint. Pensions, festival coverage, labour kinfolk, company governance, and overall healthiness care are one of the subject matters for which the institutional surroundings and function of Germany and the Netherlands are in comparison. The problems and successes the nations have in dealing with pressures from getting older inhabitants, advancements in expertise, and worldwide pageant are traced again to their institutional roots, and result in mutual classes for institutional reform for German and Dutch coverage makers.
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Extra info for Challenging Neighbours: Rethinking German und Dutch Economic Institutions
Yet, this constitutes a relatively low price for enhancing effective governance, especially because shareholders have less incentives to interfere with the strategies of a high-quality management. These changes would give the Dutch corporate governance institutions a relatively strong centre position on the trade-off between commitment and flexibility; this system would suffer neither from the inefficacy of a co-detennined board as in Gennany nor from a short-tenn orientation or frequent hostile takeover practices as in the United States.
In both Germany and the Netherlands, the third, voluntary, pillar, which can cater to individual preferences, is sm all because the mandatory, collective level of pension insurance is quite high. Indeed, as tastes have become more heterogeneous and the mandatory aspiration level has increased in after-tax terms, many workers are likely to have become overinsured. One way to increase the flexibility and personal responsibility in pension insurance would be to reduce high compulsory levels of collective pensions and provide more tax privileges to individual accounts.
II Performance ... 1 for the main concepts used). 1, identifies four coordination issues, which correspond to four types of market failure: market power, externalities, specificity and risk sharing. 2 reviews the specific features of these four main types of market failure. Market failure implies that coordination by the invisible hand may have to be replaced by other means of coordination. 1, analyses four coordination mechanisms for interaction between economic agents. It emphasizes that 44 2 The Interplay of Institutions, Trade-offs, Performance and Trends government intervention through control is not the only answer to the failures of the competition.