By George K Williams
Initially released in 1999. Colonel Williams offers a complete examine of British bombing efforts within the nice warfare. He contends that the professional model of prices and effects underplays the prices whereas overplaying the implications. Supported via postwar findings of either US and British review groups, he argues that British bombing efforts have been considerably much less potent than heretofore believed. Colonel Williams additionally provides a powerful argument that German air defenses triggered significantly much less harm to British forces than pilot mistakes, malfunctioning airplane, and undesirable climate. That we believed another way helps the proposal that British bombing raids had compelled Germany to move major air resources to guard opposed to them. Williams, despite the fact that, stumbled on no proof that the sort of move happened. real effects, Colonel Williams argues, stand in powerful distinction to claimed effects.
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Additional info for Biplanes and Bombsights - British Bombing in World War I
The newspaper editor argued for caution ; the possibility of panic was not mentioned . Interviews with German managers and workers at the Saar blast furnaces after the war emphasized that the British had consistently overestimated the moral effects of their raids . Material supplied to the Americans led US Air Service investigators to conclude that the main effect was insufficient rest among the workers. The morale of workers was affected to the extent that when they "went on" again on their next shift, their physical strength was somewhat reduced and [they] were incapable of working at their normal capacity, and would try to find someplace to steal a rest .
84. Ibid. 85. Maj Gen Hugh M. Trenchard, Dispatch of 1 January 1919, Reprinted in Aeroplane, 8 January 1919, 129-31 . 86. AIR l / 111 / 15/39/1, Admiralty Communique. 87 . , Admiralty Communique no. 318, 28 January 1917. 88. , Admiralty Communique no. 330, 7 February 1917. 89 . , Admiralty Communique no. 375, 24 March 1917. 90. , Admiralty Communique no. 388, 10 April 1917. 91 . , Admiralty Communique no. 379, 28 March 1917. 92 . Maurer, 444. 93. , 440 94. , 441. 95. H . A. Jones, War in the Air, vol.
The Admiralty continued to underwrite No . 5 Wing, which raided German naval bases along the Belgian coast with DeHavillands and Handley Pages . However, No. 5 Wing eventually found itself saddled with diverse tasks unrelated to long-range bombing . This. dissipation of effort, and the willingness of Vice Adm Sir Reginald Bacon, commander of the Dover Patrol, to subordinate squadrons to Field Marshal Haig, kept the wing from its primary mission. It never waged a systematic bombing campaign of sufficient intensity to substantiate the worth of its independent activities, defaulting to Germany the strategic initiative for conducting long-range aerial operations .