Bioremediation: Principles and Applications (Biotechnology by Ronald L. Crawford, Don L. Crawford

By Ronald L. Crawford, Don L. Crawford

Business and agricultural task all through this century has resulted in huge infection of soil and groundwater assets via harmful chemical compounds. The means of bioremediation makes use of residing organisms--usually micro organism and fungi--to eliminate pollution from soil and water with minimum disturbance to those environments. This technique, that is in all probability less costly than conventional ideas corresponding to incineration of soils and carbon filtration of water, calls for an figuring out of ways organisms rework chemical substances, how they live on in polluted environments, and the way they are often utilized in the sphere. This booklet examines those concerns for plenty of of the main severe and customary environmental contaminants, featuring the newest place at the program of bioremediation to polluted soil and water.

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398-404. Boca Raton, FL: Lewis Publishers, CRC Press. Howard, P. , Hueber, A. E. & Boethling, R. S. (1987). Biodegradation data evaluation for structure/biodegradability relations. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 6, 1—10. , Levinson, W . E . L. (1994). Adsorption and biodegradation of pentachlorophenol by polyurethane-immobilized Elavobacterium. Environmental Science & Technology, 28, 491—6. Jackman, A. P. & Powell, R. L. (1991). Hazardous Waste Treatment Technologies. Park Ridge, NJ: Noyes Publications.

Lai, L. & Dobbs, R. (1991). Integrated model for predicting the fate of organics in wastewater treatment plants. Environmental Progress, 10, 13—23. , Masterson, R. , Jorgensen, M. R. & Frey, C. (1994). Bioremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated soil. In Hydrocarbon Bioremediation, ed. R. E. C. E. Hoeppel & R . N . Miller, pp. 398-404. Boca Raton, FL: Lewis Publishers, CRC Press. Howard, P. , Hueber, A. E. & Boethling, R. S. (1987). Biodegradation data evaluation for structure/biodegradability relations.

7% at 30-45 cm. 3% at lower depth. The efficacy and design of land treatment for petroleum-contaminated soil has been studied in controlled laboratory experiments. 6, addition of 60/xmol of N as N H 4 N O 3 and 5 /imol of P as K 2 HPO 4 , and tilling (Song, Wang & Bartha, 1990). Disappearance of hydrocarbons was maximal at 27 °C. The C 6 to C 9 components of gasoline were removed primarily by evaporation. The C 1 0 to Cll components were removed by biodegradation. The medium distillates responded well to bioremediation and increased in persistence in this order: jet fuel, heating oil, and diesel oil.

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