Bio-Technology Audit in Hungary: Guidelines, Implementation, by Ulrike Bross

By Ulrike Bross

This booklet deals a tenet for "Technology Audit" workouts for the remodeling innovation structures of principal and jap eu international locations (CEECs). extra­ extra, the booklet provides the result of an exemplary software of this instruction within the box of biotechnology in Hungary. The authors - a gaggle of innovation re­ searchers of the Fraunhofer Institute for structures and Innovation learn (lSI), Germany, and of the Innovation learn Centre (IKU), Hungary - offer a valid idea for the id of technological strengths and weaknesses of the CEECs' industrially orientated examine platforms as a foundation for the layout of complicated innovation guidelines. After the corporation for financial Co-operation and improvement (OECD) had proposed a "Technology Audit" of Hungary in 1993, a pilot audit used to be conducted lower than their auspices. In parallel, the German Federal Ministry of schooling, Sci­ ence, learn and expertise (BMFT) recommend the belief of constructing the audit inspiration additional with a view to make it appropriate additionally in different imperative and jap eu international locations. They requested lSI to utilise the working OECD audits as a research­ ing resource and to see a entire audit method.

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Additional resources for Bio-Technology Audit in Hungary: Guidelines, Implementation, Results (Technology, Innovation and Policy (ISI))

Example text

Internal strengths and weaknesses restrict the possibilities for action of the enterprise, while future environmental factors form a point of reference to assess whether the actual capabilities match the arising challenges. The SWOT tool can be employed to prepare an in-depth analysis as well as to condense and convey the fmdings of the thorough audit (European Commission 1995: p. 261, Bartol/Martin 1994: p. 172). Also, technology audit can be used as a tool for professional investment decisions, for instance by venture capitalists.

4 Data Collection Concerning data collection methods the OECD Methodology concept emphasised the following aspects: - Core elements: interviews and site visits by several experts - Use oflocallanguage - Use of international standards in data collection - Explicit criteria and definitions (sectors, segments, competitiveness) - Selection of firms should include some poor performers. The sectoral studies carried out in Hungary were based primarily on wellestablished research instruments (cf. 1-2): written questionnaires and interviews.

G. patent analyses, export analyses as a function of technology intensity of the product) were not used. 1-2: Analysis and Evaluation Methods in the Sectoral Studies of the "Technology Audit" in Hungary Sectoral Audits Analysis and evaluation method A c D E • •• •• • •• Written questionnaire Enterprises 0 0 Research institutions Interviews Enterprises Research institutions •• •• •• •• •• • • • • • • • • • • 0 0 Expert discussions (with other institutions) 0 Data bank searches International comparisons Use of method B e 0 intensive (1 0-20 actors) 0 0 • limited (5-9 actors) none Written questionnaires proved to be a useful instrument of technology audit.

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