Beyond the Neighborhood Unit: Residential Environments and by Tridib Banerjee

By Tridib Banerjee

A lot of the study on which this e-book relies used to be funded nearly a decade in the past by means of separate offers from varied businesses of the U. S. Public overall healthiness carrier, of the then nonetheless consolidated division of overall healthiness, schooling, and Welfare. the 1st provide used to be from the Bureau of group Environmental administration (Public future health provider examine supply J-RO J EM 0049-02), and the second one from the guts for reviews of Metropolitan difficulties of the nationwide Institute of psychological future health (Public well-being carrier furnish ROJ MH 24904-02). those separate can provide have been useful due to funds cuts that truncated our unique attempt. We have been lucky to obtain next the aid of NIMH to finish the learn, because it is uncertain venture of the scope and purpose of our effort--even as accomplished in abbreviated form-will be funded within the Nineteen Eighties. the unique motive of this venture, as formulated by means of our colleagues Ira Robinson and Alan Kreditor, and as conceptualized past via their predeces­ sors-members of an advisory committee of planners and social scientists ap­ pointed by way of the yank Public wellbeing and fitness organization (APHA)-was to rewrite making plans the local, APHA's prompt criteria for residential layout. specifically, it was once proposed that the recent research take the viewpoint of the person by way of residential criteria. Hitherto, the personal region had domi­ nated those issues (i. e. , the designer's predilections, the necessities of developers and fabric providers, and creditors' wishes for loan security).

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Additional resources for Beyond the Neighborhood Unit: Residential Environments and Public Policy (Environment, Development and Public Policy: Environmental Policy and Planning)

Sample text

In 1972, a National Policy Task Force of the American Institute of Architects (AlA) advocated use of the "growth unit" in the building and the rebuilding of the nation's cities. Whereas the neighborhood unit was largely formulated from the demand side (that is, from the perspective of the user of the residential area), the growth unit was formulated from the supply side (from the perspective of architects and developers). Despite these differences, there are marked similarities between this growth unit and the neighborhood unit concept: The growth unit does not have fixed dimensions.

And, of course, it is no surprise that it won acclaim from professional real-estate operators, leaders of chambers of commerce, and other business groups (Dahir, 1947). Thus, the values underlying the neighborhood unit concept have been diverse. The values of family, neighborliness, community, and group identity have been paramount, but ideals of grass roots democracy and community control have also played roles. Additionally, goals of personality and social develop- 24 CHAPTER 2 ment, as well as civic responsibility have been a part of these contextual values.

John Dewey prescribed the community-based school of the preurban vintage as a model for urban education. Robert Park advocated a "new parochialism" in the form of local communities to establish the identities of the primary groups and to protect the individual from the loneliness of city life. In retrospect, it is apparent that the emerging city of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries introduced changes into the prevalent lifestyle that were unprecedented in urban existence and that were perceived as too threatening in impact.

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