Austria in the First Cold War, 1945-55: The Leverage of the by G. Bischof

By G. Bischof

On the top of the 1st chilly battle within the early Nineteen Fifties, the Western powers fearful that occupied Austria may turn into 'Europe's Korea' and feared a Communist takeover. The Soviets exploited their career quarter for optimum reparations. American monetary relief assured Austria's survival and financial reconstruction. Their army information grew to become Austria right into a 'secret best friend' of the West. Austrian international relations performed a necessary position in securing the Austrian treaty in bilateral negotiations with Stalin's successors within the Kremlin demonstrating the leverage of the vulnerable within the chilly battle.

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Through days of killing frenzy the occupiers massacred the majority of the civilian male population of some towns to ··pacify" Serbia. When no Serbian hostages were handy. Jews and gypsies became the scapegoats. Austrians were in the forefront in killing the remaining Jews of Serbia. herded into concentration camps. The balance sheet in Serbia at the end of 1941: for 160 German soldiers killed and 278 wounded. 000 to 18,000 civilian Serbs were killed. among them all adult Jews who were still apprehensible in Serbia.

They resembled each other but coordination came only in the final months of the war. Anglo-American planning was carried on by anonymous and technocratic bureaucracies whose views usually prevailed. Roosevelt first wanted to win the war before contemplating the new order. But he and Churchill were no match against the vast bureaucracies of planning experts who were writing detailed scenarios for the postwar world in the midst of war. The Prime Minister and the President tried to ignore and dismiss such long-range planning; events on the battlefield would overtake it.

Hitler's police state made Austria and the Second World War 13 sure that his regime never collapsed. "The feeling in Austria that 'Austrians are different from Germans· not only persists. but is growing stronger"", noted a British diplomat in March 1943, and he concluded: "Already in 1941 there were growing doubts as to whether the Anschluss was worth it at the price of war. " 33 PERPETRATORS AND VICTIMS: AUSTRIANS IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR 3~ Many Austrians became perpetrators in the Third Reich "s war of aggression and annihilation, especially in the East and in the Balkans.

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