By E. Friedman, B. Gilley
This edited quantity reconsiders the traditional knowledge, which argues that comparative functionality (in financial, social, political, in addition to diplomatic arenas) of China has been more desirable to that of India. The publication brings jointly 'new paradigms' for comparing the comparative functionality of 2 international locations. Essays express that if now not outright unsuitable, traditional knowledge has confirmed to be overly simplified. The ebook brings out the complexity and richness of the India-China comparability.
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Additional resources for Asia's Giants: Comparing China and India
India provides as good or better “political order” as China and yet has provided freedoms as well, while enhancing material welfare almost as fast as China. In the reform era, then, as in the pre-reform era, China raced its way from one gust of wind to another, while India continued its slow, straight course. China showed better material welfare gains, but India continued its democratic miracle and backed that up with superior governance in most fields. Two Passages to Modernity 37 VI Another comparison in the reform experiences of China and India is the way in which decisions were made.
Geertz believed that “no general and uniform political solution to the problem of primordial discontent seems possible in such a situation” (Geertz 1973, 289). No one could foresee that minorities could be managed, that Hindu nationalism would be contained, that politicians could direct funds to the needy—that democracy and development 24 Bruce Gilley could advance together. India, like Latin America, was “constantly impaled on the horns of some fateful and inescapable dilemma” (Hirschmann 1970, 352).
On the other hand, it inherited a greater basis of political organization as a result of colonialism. Both countries had a wealth of potential resources and trade networks. The best estimates of comparative living standards of Simon Kuznets and Angus Maddison said that the two countries had roughly similar GNP per head at the end of World War II (Kuznets 1966, 36). 2 Previous estimates that suggested a far better performance by China in this period have not withstood scrutiny (Dreze and Sen 1989, 207).