Anti-Submarine Warfare in World War I: British Naval by John Abbatiello

By John Abbatiello

Investigating the employment of British airplane opposed to German submarines throughout the ultimate years of the 1st international battle, this new ebook areas anti-submarine campaigns from the air in the broader heritage of the 1st global warfare.

The Royal Naval Air provider invested seriously in plane of all types―aeroplanes, seaplanes, airships, and kite balloons―in order to counter the German U-boats. less than the Royal Air strength, the air crusade opposed to U-boats persisted uninterrupted. airplane bombed German U-boat bases in Flanders, performed region and ‘hunting’ patrols round the coasts of england, and escorted service provider convoys to protection. even though airplane appearing on my own destroyed just one U-boat through the struggle, the general contribution of naval aviation to foiling U-boat assaults was once major. purely 5 service provider vessels succumbed to submarine assault whilst convoyed via a mixed air and floor escort in the course of global conflict I.

This book examines plane and guns expertise, aircrew education, and the airplane construction concerns that formed this crusade. Then, an in depth exam of anti-submarine operations―bombing, patrols, and escort―yields a considerably assorted judgment from present interpretations of those operations. This research is the 1st to take an aim examine the writing and booklet of the naval and air authentic histories as they informed the tale of naval aviation through the nice warfare. the writer additionally examines the German view of airplane effectiveness, via German activities, prisoner interrogations, professional histories, and memoirs, to supply a comparative judgment. the realization closes with a short narrative of post-war air anti-submarine advancements and a precis of findings.

Overall, the writer concludes that regardless of the demanding situations of association, education, and construction the employment of plane opposed to U-boats was once principally winning through the nice War. 

This e-book might be of curiosity to historians of naval and air energy background, in addition to scholars of global struggle I and army heritage in general.

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Extra info for Anti-Submarine Warfare in World War I: British Naval Aviation and the Defeat of the U-Boats (Cass Series: Naval Policy and History)

Example text

When in sight of another aircraft or a surface vessel, most naval aircraft used Aldis lamps for Morse code signalling. Employing a 12-volt Technology: Aircraft and U-boats 33 electric lamp within a 4-inch mirror, this device had a pistol grip, trigger, and telescopic sight for ease of flashing a light signal at a ship or another aircraft. 132 Flares could also be used in pre-arranged numbers and colours for communication. 134 The wireless telegraph (W/T), however, bore the essential task of long-range communication for aircraft.

Their relatively good manoeuvrability meant that they at least had a chance of surviving an engagement with an enemy seaplane. 14 Although there were a number of smaller flying boat designs by Curtiss, Norman Thompson, and Franco-British Aviation,15 the Curtiss Large America – and the family of related models – stood out as the leading flying boat of the anti-submarine air campaign. This class originated from Glenn Curtiss’s desire to win Lord Northcliffe’s 1913 prize, a sum of £10,000 to the first person to fly across the Atlantic in 72 hours.

5 75 100-lb total 1918 Blackburn Kangaroo 2 × 250 HP RR Falcon 3 8 98 1 × 520-lb or 4 × 230-lb 1918 Sources: Thetford (1991), Jane’s, and Tables, AIR 1/2423/305/18/45. light bombers, and reconnaissance aircraft, the end of the war saw their final use in south-east England air units as anti-submarine patrol aircraft. Their relatively good manoeuvrability meant that they at least had a chance of surviving an engagement with an enemy seaplane. 14 Although there were a number of smaller flying boat designs by Curtiss, Norman Thompson, and Franco-British Aviation,15 the Curtiss Large America – and the family of related models – stood out as the leading flying boat of the anti-submarine air campaign.

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