American Indians in World War I: At Home and at War by Thomas A. Britten

By Thomas A. Britten

Over 17,000 local americans registered for army carrier in the course of international struggle I. of those approximately 10,000 both enlisted or have been drafted into the yankee Expeditionary strength. 3 similar questions are tested intensive for the 1st time during this ebook: What have been the battlefield reviews of local americans? How did racial and cultural stereotypes approximately Indians have an effect on their tasks? have been local American veterans replaced by means of their army provider?

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Johnson probably was not surprised. He had been out on an earlier patrol and was already familiar with the terrain ahead. It was not uncommon for the men of Company I to rely upon Private Johnson to guide them back and forth through No Man's Land, on all-night Page 4 marches and through the forests of north-central France. After all, he was an American Indian, and many of his comrades and officers believed that Indians had a natural aptitude for scouting, tracking, and the art of concealment. Johnson consequently seemed the logical choice to lead dangerous patrols and reconnaissance missionsto be his unit's "eyes and ears" on the Western Front.

Finally, military officials believed that the enlistment of Native Americans might improve Anglo-Indian relations by conveying the army's trust and respect for Indians. 16 The movement for Indian military service continued to evolve during the 1880s. In an article published in The United Service (a military-service maga- Page 15 zine) in the fall of 1880, Captain H. C. Cushing, Fourth Artillery, advocated the "military colonization" of Native Americans, whereby Indians would be organized into military settlements under the supervision of white officers.

50 Finally, the failure in usingAmerican Indians in segregated units ensured that such an experiment would not be repeated. 51 Nevertheless, the outbreak of the Spanish-American War in 1898 brought renewed efforts to enlist Native Americans into segregated units. The volunteer army bill of 1898 provided authorization for the secretary of war to organize companies, troops, battalions or regiments, possessing "special qualifications and regulations," and some people took the order to mean special units of Indian soldiers.

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