By Michelle Holder
This ebook analyzes the prestige and place of African American males within the U.S. hard work marketplace sooner than, in the course of, and after the good Recession. utilizing a version of occupational crowding, the publication outlines how the illustration of African American males in significant occupational different types nearly universally declined throughout the fresh recession at the same time white non-Hispanic males have been capable of hold their occupational illustration within the face of magnificent task losses. utilizing US Census Bureau info, this ebook illustrates how African American males sought to insulate their staff from devastating task losses via expanding their academic attainment in a task industry the place employers exercised extra leverage in hiring. although, this process used to be not able to guard this staff from disparate activity losses as African American males turned additional marginalized within the group in the course of the nice Recession. Policy techniques to deal with excessive African American male unemployment are defined within the ultimate bankruptcy.
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Additional resources for African American Men and the Labor Market during the Great Recession
10 in 2010–2011 are classified as having proportional representation of this group. I will first examine what occurred over the course of the Great Recession for African American men with regard to changes in occupational distribution by wage groups, and then I will compare the overall changes in occupational crowding indices for African American men with changes that occurred in these indices for white non-Hispanic men over the same time period. 1 presents African American male occupational crowding indices for major occupational categories for 2005–2006 and 2010–2011.
6. Cain, “Statistical Theories of Discrimination in Labor Markets,” Industrial and Labor Relations Review Vol. 30, No. 2 (January 1977): 175–176. 7. The Bureau of Labor Statistics provides annual unemployment rates by educational attainment; an examination of data for almost any year will confirm this statement. 8. Hilary Hoynes, Douglas S. ” Journal of Economic Perspectives Vol. 26, No. 3 (Summer 2012): 45–46. AFRICAN AMERICAN MALE UNEMPLOYMENT DURING THE GREAT RECESSION... 33 9. Harry J. Holzer, Steven Raphael and Michael A.
2011) computed occupational crowding indices for black workers. These researchers updated Bergmann’s findings by examining not only occupations requiring a high school diploma or less but also occupations requiring higher educational attainment levels. Black male crowding scores, or indices, were assigned to occupational categories by estimating the share of black males that would be expected in an occupation given the share of black men in the working-age population who possess the required educational credentials for that occupation.