A War of Peoples 1914-1919 (Oxford Histories) by Adrian Gregory

By Adrian Gregory

A warfare of Peoples, 1914-1919 offers a brand new standpoint at the First global warfare, providing a concise narrative of the conflict from the 1st army activities in July 1914 till the signing of the peace treaty by way of Germany in July 1919. Adrian Gregory considers the resources of data to be had to historians and the ways that historians have written concerning the conflict for over fifty years.

This quantity will charm both to individuals with very little familiarity with the occasions of the battle and to those that already imagine they learn about it. It offers a thought-provoking account which displays the alterations to historians' figuring out of the conflict. there's a good deal of emphasis on element of the conflict that are much less commonly used to English-speaking audiences, quite the battle in japanese Europe, within the Balkans, and at the Italian entrance. A battle of Peoples, 1914-1919 concludes in 1919 with a examine of the fraught and complicated means of peace making, a topic that's usually overlooked generally surveys that finish on 11 November 1918.

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In his main role as First Lord of the Admiralty he had done well. He had mobilized the fleet before the British declaration of war. At its core were the new Dreadnought-type battleships. These ships, with a uniform armament of heavy guns, had rendered previous classes of heavy warship effectively obsolete. The first, Dreadnought, had been built in reaction to the German naval challenge and Germany had responded by building copies of it. This German naval challenge to Britain was central to the growth of Anglo–German antagonism before the war.

Hostage taking and executions were the immediate response. They increased as it became apparent that the invasion of Serbia was going badly. The Hapsburg offensive began on 12 August, but by 20 August the invading forces were in full flight. Serbia had won the first major victory of the war. Lurid rumours of atrocities also inevitably accompanied the Russian advance into East Prussia. But ironically, despite the dreaded reputation of the ‘cossack hordes’ subsequent German investigations found that in August the Russian soldiers had generally behaved humanely, although petty pilfering was widespread and there was a certain amount of arson.

The ordinary soldiers tended to be drawn from the poor and ill-educated; many of the officers were those who had shown little talent for other professions. One of the more talented generals, John Grierson, dropped dead of a heart attack before combat even started and was replaced as commander of 2nd Corps by Horace Smith-Dorrien, who had a bad relationship with the BEF commander Sir John French. On 23–24 August the BEF fought the Germans at Mons, and on 26 August, 2nd Corps fought again alone at Le Cateau, 1st Corps under Sir Douglas Haig having failed to come up in support.

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