A Review of the Dose Reconstruction Program of the Defense by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Radiation Effects Research, Committee to Review the Dose Reconstruction Program of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency

From 1945 via 1962, the U.S. atmospheric nuclear guns checking out software concerned millions of army and civilian body of workers, and a few of them have been uncovered to ionizing radiation. Veterans' teams have in view that been involved that their contributors' overall healthiness was once laid low with radiation publicity linked to participation in nuclear exams and feature burdened Congress for incapacity repayment. numerous items of laws were handed to compensate either army and civilian body of workers for such overall healthiness results. Veterans' issues concerning the accuracy of reconstructed doses brought on Congress to have the overall Accounting place of work (GAO) evaluation the dose reconstruction software used to estimate publicity. The GAO research concluded that dose reconstruction is a sound approach to estimating radiation dose and will be used because the foundation of repayment. It additionally advised an self reliant overview of the dose reconstruction software. the results of that suggestion was once a congressional mandate that the protection hazard relief company (DTRA), part of the dep. of protection, ask the nationwide learn Council to behavior an self reliant assessment of the dose reconstruction application. in keeping with that request, the nationwide learn Council verified the Committee to check the Dose Reconstruction application of the protection probability relief company within the Board on Radiation results examine (BRER).

The committee randomly chosen pattern files of doses that were reconstructed by way of DTRA and punctiliously evaluated them. The committee's document describes its findings and offers responses to a few of the questions which were raised by way of the veterans.

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The NTPR program also ensures that veterans can obtain access to relevant documents and records about their involvement in US atmospheric nuclear tests or in the occupation forces of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. • Conducting historical-records research. Over 100 archives nationwide have been researched for relevant information. More than 40 historical volumes and 25 analytical reports have been developed to provide details on each test and operation. The program has located, retrieved, declassified as necessary, and preserved records pertaining to US atmospheric nuclear tests.

In addition to those exposed during the I INTRODUCTION 21 atmospheric-testing period in the Pacific and within the United States, some 195,000 military personnel were potentially exposed to residual fission products and fissile weapons material while on duty in Japan after and in the area of the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Most radiation exposures of military personnel in the Pacific or within the United States were external exposures to gamma- and beta-emitting fission products deposited on the ground and other surfaces and to activation products produced in soil, water, and other materials by neutrons from nuclear-weapon detonations.

It specified that atomic veterans were entitled to medical care if they could prove that their disease was service-connected, which few could do. The next law was PL 98-542, the Veterans’ Dioxin and Radiation Exposure Compensation Standards Act of 1984, which listed in greater detail how such service connection was to be established. It also listed radiogenic diseases,5 their latent periods,6 and appropriate compensation. When a claim was filed under this law, the veteran had to obtain a dose estimate from the DNA and the estimated dose had to be above a certain level for an award to be made (usually greater than 5 rem).

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