A latest background of the Kurds: 3rd variation by means of McDowall, David [I. B. Tauris...
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Additional resources for A Modern History of the Kurds: Third Edition by McDowall, David [I. B. Tauris, 2004] (Paperback) 3rd Revised [Paperback]
The largest in Diyarbakir province was the Boz Ulus (the Grey People), a remnant of the Aq KURDISTAN BEFORE THE NINETEENTH CENTURY 29 Quyunlu confederacy, consisting of Turkoman and Kurdish tribes, probably 75,000 or so souls, wintering in the Syrian desert and spending the summer in the Dersim/Tunceli region. 3 The other major group, almost entirely Kurdish, was the Kara Ulus (the Black People). Altogether there were probably over 400 tribal chiefs in the provinces of Diyarbakir, Van and Shahrizur, some wholly nomadic.
Once inside Ottoman territory Jaf chiefs still married across the border, notably into the Ardalan family. Northern Kurdistan, because military movement was impossible for almost half the year, was less susceptible to such vicissitudes and when inroads were made, as happened from time to time, both sides found it difficult to sustain their conquests. The relationship between Istanbul and its Kurdish satraps was far from perfect. Because the system of semi-independent principalities lasted well into the nineteenth century, it is tempting to consider it a successful political arrangement.
In 1750, however, he was defeated by a joint Ottoman-Kurdish force north of Baghdad, and Sulayman was once again installed at Qara Cholan which, until the foundation of Sulaymaniya in 1785, was the Baban seat. In 1758 Salim was lured to Baghdad on false expectations and murdered. Sulayman, as befitted a Kurdish paramount, exploited the weakness of his neighbours when he felt strong enough to do so, extending his rule south of the Diyala river, harrying the amirs of Rawanduz, and incorporating Koi.