By Catriona Pennell
During this, the 1st totally documented examine of British and Irish well known reactions to the outbreak of the 1st global warfare, Catriona Pennell explores united kingdom public opinion of the time, effectively demanding post-war buildings of 'war enthusiasm' within the British case, and disengagement within the Irish.
Drawing from an unlimited array of latest diaries, letters, journals, and newspaper debts from around the united kingdom, A nation United explores what humans felt, and the way they acted, according to an unanticipated and exceptional concern. it's a heritage of either traditional humans and elite figures in impressive occasions. Pennell demonstrates that describing the reactions of over forty million British and Irish humans to the outbreak of conflict as both enthusiastic within the British case, or disengaged within the Irish, is over-simplified and insufficient. Emotional reactions to the warfare have been ambiguous and intricate, and adjusted through the years. via the tip of 1914 the populations of britain, Scotland, Wales, and eire had mostly embraced the warfare, however the battle had additionally embraced them and confirmed no indicators of relinquishing its grip. The 5 months from August to December 1914 set the form of a lot that used to be to persist with. A country United describes and explains the twenty-week formative method with the intention to deepen our figuring out of British and Irish access into war.
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During this, the 1st absolutely documented research of British and Irish well known reactions to the outbreak of the 1st global warfare, Catriona Pennell explores united kingdom public opinion of the time, effectively not easy post-war structures of 'war enthusiasm' within the British case, and disengagement within the Irish. Drawing from an unlimited array of latest diaries, letters, journals, and newspaper money owed from around the united kingdom, A nation United explores what humans felt, and the way they acted, in accordance with an unanticipated and remarkable predicament.
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Extra resources for A Kingdom United: Popular Responses to the Outbreak of the First World War in Britain and Ireland
53 Daily Mail, 1 August 1914, 4. 54 The Times, 1 August 1914, 9. , vol. 2 (London, 1920), 448. 56 Esmé Wingﬁeld-Stratford, Before the Lamps Went Out (London, 1945), 246. ). 58 ERO: T/Z 25/668 (1966). 30 A Kingdom United eventuality. m. 59 The New York Times reported that Londoners now believed war was ‘a probability . . rather than a possibility’. Most people dealt with the increased tension with ‘sober determination’. There was ‘no ﬂag-waving, no demonstrations, no music hall patriotism’. People understood the gravity of the situation but went about their business quietly.
Daily Mail, 1 August 1914, 5. IWM, Docs: Mackay, Reverend James: Box 74/135/1, 3 August 1914. Hallie Eustace Miles, Untold Tales of War-Time London: A Personal Diary (London, 1930), 13. Salford Diocesan Archives, Burnley: 1914 Diary of Bishop L. C. Casartelli, 1 August 1914. K. W. , The Rasp of War: The Letters of H. A. Gwynne to The Countess Bathurst, 1914–1918 (London, 1988), 19. Outbreak of War, July to August 31 editor of The Times reported that the population of London had grasped the gravity of the situation: Nobody wanted war; nobody would shrink from war if the Continental position demanded it .
The British drew most of their lessons from the opening period of conventional warfare, up until late summer 1900, with emphasis on mounted actions and gritty sieges heroic in a decidedly nineteenth-century manner, before it descended into the long and controversial guerrilla phase that eventually resulted in a British victory. In short, it was not the type of industrial war that was going to be experienced in 1914 and after. Post-South African War, the general opinion of the army was that frontal attacks were dangerous and costly, and should be avoided if possible.