By Robert C. King
This 8th version of A Dictionary of Genetics comprises over 7,500 up to date and cross-referenced entries, together with 540 which are newly written. The entries comprise the most recent terminology, options, theories, and methods, protecting not just genetics but additionally such overlapping disciplines as mobile biology, medication, and evolutionary biology. The absolutely revised six appendices are a distinct resource of special supplementary info, together with a chronology of clinical and technological breakthroughs spanning the interval from 1590 to the current, lists of helpful websites and journals, and a desk of pattern genome sizes and gene numbers. A Dictionary of Genetics is still the definitive reference paintings for college students, educators, and clinicians within the box of genetics.
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This 8th version of A Dictionary of Genetics comprises over 7,500 up to date and cross-referenced entries, together with 540 which are newly written. The entries comprise the most recent terminology, recommendations, theories, and strategies, protecting not just genetics but in addition such overlapping disciplines as mobile biology, drugs, and evolutionary biology.
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Aminoaciduria the presence of one or more amino acids in the urine in abnormal quantities because of a metabolic defect. ). AA + ATP → AA-AMP + 2P AA-AMP + tRNA → AA-tRNA + AMP aminoacyl adenylate the activated compound that is an intermediate in the formation of a covalent bond between an amino acid and its speciﬁc transfer RNA; abbreviated AA-AMP. See AMP, transfer RNA. aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases 21 Structural formulas of the universal amino acids aminoacyl site one of two binding sites for tRNA molecules on a ribosome; commonly called the A site.
The alternative mode of splicing shown generates a mature transcript that lacks exon 4. If each exon encodes 20 amino acids, the constitutive splicing path would result in a polypeptide made up of 100 amino acids. The alternative path would produce a polypeptide only 80 amino acids long. If the amino acid sequences of the two proteins were determined, the ﬁrst 60 and the last 20 would be identical. ) of at least 40% of all human genes undergo alternative splicing. This removes the intron RNAs and joins the adjacent exon RNAs by phosphodiester linkages.
Androgen insensitivity syndrome a condition in which XY individuals develop as normal-appearing, but sterile, females. Spermatogenesis does not occur in the testes, which are generally located inside the abdomen. Also called testicular feminization. ; androgen receptor, androgen receptor gene. androgenote a cell or embryo produced by androgenesis. Compare with gynogenote. androgen receptor (AR) a protein belonging to a subfamily of steroid hormone receptors within a larger family of DNA-binding proteins.