By Marc Romanych,Martin Rupp, et al.ePub Direct|Osprey Publishing Ltd||Osprey PublishingAdult NonfictionHistoryLanguage(s): EnglishOn sale date: 20.01.2014Street date: 20.01.2014
In the early days of worldwide battle I, Germany unveiled a brand new weapon – the cellular 42cm (16.5 inch) M-Gerät howitzer. on the time, it was once the biggest artillery piece of its type on this planet and a heavily guarded mystery. while battle broke out, of the howitzers have been rushed at once from the manufacturing facility to Liege the place they speedy destroyed forts and forced the castle to give up. After repeat performances at Namur, Maubeuge and Antwerp, German infantrymen christened the howitzers 'Grosse' or 'Dicke Berta' (Fat or vast Bertha) after Bertha von Krupp, proprietor of the Krupp armament works that outfitted the howitzers. The nickname was once quickly picked up through German press which triumphed the 42cm howitzers as Wunderwaffe (wonder weapons), and the legend of massive Bertha was once born. This booklet info the layout and improvement of German siege weapons prior to and through global battle I. Accompanying the textual content are many infrequent, never-before-published images of 'Big Bertha' and the opposite German siege guns....
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Extra resources for 42cm "Big Bertha" and German Siege Artillery of World War I
Spade C. Cradle and spade wagon 4. Carriage with wheels D. Carriage wagon 5. Blast shield E. Barrel wagon 6. Crew platform and munitions hoist 7. Barrel and breech block German postcard of railcars loaded with the components of a Gamma howitzer on its way to the siege of Antwerp in September 1914. Because of weight and size, Gamma howitzers had to move by standard-gauge rail. (M. Romanych) The remaining six forts quickly fell on the 24th and 25th. One of the forts – Andoy – surrendered after Skoda mortars pounded it with 450 rounds and smashed all but one artillery turret.
5cm projectiles’ ability to penetrate the concrete and steel of the Belgian and French forts. 5cm schwerer Küstenmörser 09, or Beta-Gerät 09 – was introduced. Now there were two versions of the Beta-Gerät – the older design Beta mortar and the new, modern Beta 09 howitzer. Like the Beta mortar, the Beta 09 was a foundation gun emplaced on a foundation of wood beams, but otherwise was a completely different design. It had a much longer barrel (a 5-meter long L/16) with a screw-type breech, a dual-cylinder pneumatic recoil system attached to the barrel, and a large carriage and box base plate to accommodate the barrel’s recoil.
France’s fortifications were by far the most extensive with ring-fortresses at Lille, Maubeuge, Verdun, Toul, Epinal, and Belfort connected by barrier forts into several fortress zones. The capital, Paris, was a fortress protected by a double ring of 41 forts. Likewise, Belgium had ring-fortresses at Liège and Namur, and Antwerp was turned into a national redoubt surrounded by some 50 forts and other smaller fortifications arranged in two concentric rings. For its defense, Germany had two modern fortress zones: one around Metz and Thionville in Alsace and another at Strasbourg in Lorraine.